A person (alive, dead, undead, or fictional).

This type is an extension of schema:Person.


Name @id Type Description Inherited from
address schema:address PostalAddress or string Postal address for the person. Person
affiliations schema:affiliation Array of Organization Organizations that the person is affiliated with. Person
alternateNames schema:alternateName Array of string Alternate names (aliases) for the item. Thing
description schema:description Array of BlockContent or Array of InlineContent or string A description of the item. See note 3. Thing
emails schema:email Array of Format ‘email’ Email addresses for the person. Person
familyNames schema:familyName Parser ‘ssi’ and Array of string Family name. In the U.S., the last name of a person. See note 1. Person
funders schema:funder Array of (Organization or Person) A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution. Person
givenNames schema:givenName Parser ‘ssi’ and Array of string Given name. In the U.S., the first name of a person. See note 2. Person
honorificPrefix schema:honorificPrefix string An honorific prefix preceding a person’s name such as Dr/Mrs/Mr. Person
honorificSuffix schema:honorificSuffix string An honorific suffix after a person’s name such as MD/PhD/MSCSW. Person
id schema:id string The identifier for this item. Entity
identifiers schema:identifier Array of (PropertyValue or string) Any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing. See note 4. Thing
images schema:image Array of (ImageObject or Format ‘uri’) Images of the item. Thing
jobTitle schema:jobTitle string The job title of the person (for example, Financial Manager). Person
memberOf schema:memberOf Array of Organization An organization (or program membership) to which this person belongs. Person
meta stencila:meta object Metadata associated with this item. Entity
name schema:name string The name of the item. Thing
telephoneNumbers schema:telephone Array of string Telephone numbers for the person. Person
url schema:url Format ‘uri’ The URL of the item. Thing


  "type": "Person",
  "honorificPrefix": "Dr",
  "givenNames": [
  "familyNames": [
  "honorificSuffix": "PhD"


  1. familyNames : This can be used along with givenName instead of the name property.
  2. givenNames : This can be used along with familyName instead of the name property.
  3. description : Allows for the description to be an array of nodes (e.g. an array of inline content, or a couple of paragraphs), or a string. The minItems restriction avoids a string being coerced into an array with a single string item.
  4. identifiers : Some identifiers have specific properties e.g the issn property for the Periodical type. These should be used in preference to this property which is intended for identifiers that do not yet have a specific property. Identifiers can be represented as strings, but using a PropertyValue will usually be better because it allows for propertyID (i.e. the type of identifier).

Available as


This documentation was generated from Person.schema.yaml.